The Supreme Court on Monday rejected the petition filed challenging the formation of committees to examine the issue of the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) formed by states like Gujarat and Uttarakhand. According to the top court, the states have the power to make laws in this matter.
Referring to the apex court’s decision, senior Advocate Swapnil Kothari said that, “There is nothing wrong in the formation of committees as it comes under the executive power of the state under Article 162. The formation of committees is not unconstitutional. The state is empowered to do so by the virtue of the Constitution. This is a very very appropriate judgement by the Supreme Court and has paved the way for the formation of the Uniform Civil Code in these states.”
According to UCC, all people, regardless of region or religion, will function under a single set of civil laws. The Hindu Marriage Act, Hindu Succession Act, Indian Christian Marriages Act, Indian Divorce Act, and Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act will all be included in the Uniform Civil Code. Currently, different religions in our country operate under separate personal laws.
The implementation of a UCC was one of the major election promises made by Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami ahead of the 2022 state assembly elections. Notably, shortly after being re-elected as Chief Minister of Gujarat, Bhupendra Patel promised to implement the Uniform Civil Code in the state. Regarding the implementation of UCC in Gujarat, Patel stated that a committee has been formed and that work will be done in accordance with its recommendations.