World Diabetes Day, celebrated on November 14 every year, should serve as an awakening for Type-1 diabetes, a condition not so well-known among people, especially concerning children.
As India also celebrates Children’s Day on November 14, it must be known that in India, approximately 8.6 lakh children have been reported to be affected by Type-1 diabetes. The undetected numbers can be much more.
Every year, around 24,000 new cases are reported in the country, with Gujarat alone having about 30,000 affected children and 700 to 800 new cases annually.
Unlike Type-2 diabetes, Type-1 diabetes is not hereditary but is a natural occurrence, which is why everyone is under threat of a possible occurrence.
According to medical experts, managing Type-1 diabetes involves insulin and appropriate care to lead a healthy life. Lack of proper care and insulin supply can lead to the death of a child.
The symptoms in children aged 8 to 12 years often include weight loss, increased hunger, frequent urination, and increased thirst. In severe cases, abdominal pain, vomiting, and unconsciousness may occur.
Complications may affect the kidneys and eyes if the condition worsens. Diagnosis of Type-1 diabetes in children involves regular sugar checks, usually three to four times a day. Some children may check their sugar levels at school, and it is essential to create awareness and support for these children. Early diagnosis and proper care can lead to a new life for the child.
It is important to note that Finland and other cold regions have benefited significantly from early detection due to awareness campaigns. Due to virus-induced pollution, there has been an increase of 2 to 4 per cent in Type-1 diabetes cases.
In India, over 10 crore people have Type-2 diabetes, and more than 8 lakh people have Type-1 diabetes. Insulin treatment for Type-1 diabetes began in 1922, significantly reducing mortality rates associated with the disease.
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