Diwali, also known as the festival of lights, is one of the most important and widely celebrated festivals in India. It signifies the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. Diwali is celebrated over a period of five days, each day holding its own significance and rituals. In 2023, Diwali week starts on November 9th, and the celebrations continue until November 15th. Let’s dive into the details of each of the five days of Diwali in 2023.
Day 1 – 10th November 2023
The first day of Diwali week is known as Dhanteras or Dhanvantari Trayodashi, which marks the official beginning of the festivities. Dhanteras falls on the 13th lunar day of the Krishna Paksha, the dark quarter of the month of Karthik, according to the Hindu calendar. On this day, it is believed that Lord Dhanwantari emerged from the sea with Ayurveda, the ancient medical science, for the well-being of humanity.
Dhanteras is considered an auspicious day for making purchases, especially of gold, silver, precious stones, new clothes, and utensils. Hindus bathe at sunset and offer prayers for the safety of Yama Raj, the Lord of Death, near a sacred tree in their yards.
Day 2 – 11th November 2023
The second day of Diwali week is known as Choti Diwali or Kali Chaudas. It is believed that Lord Krishna defeated the demon Narakasur on this day, freeing the world from terror. Traditionally, it is advised to massage the body with oil, take a bath, and take rest on this day to prepare for the vigor and festivities of Diwali. However, in modern times, people visit each other to exchange greetings, gifts, and sweets.
Day 3 – 12th November 2023
The third day is the main Diwali day when Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshipped. Diwali rituals involve lighting diyas and candles in homes, bursting fireworks, and illuminating the streets with millions of lights. Families gather together with their Pandit (priest) to perform the Lakshmi Puja, seeking blessings for wealth, prosperity, and the victory of light over darkness.
The atmosphere is filled with joy, excitement, and the sound of crackers throughout India. It is a time for family reunions, feasts, firecrackers, and exchanging gifts. The beauty of the illuminated homes and the festivities creates a magical aura.
Day 4 – 14th November 2023
The fourth day of Diwali week holds different significance in various parts of India. In western states like Gujarat, it is celebrated as Bestu Varas, the new year according to their calendar. In northern Indian states, this day is known as Govardhan Puja and Vishwakarma Day. People worship their instruments, arms, and equipment on this day.
Govardhan Puja commemorates the day when Lord Krishna saved the people of Vraja by lifting the Govardhan mountain. It is a day of gratitude and reverence for the blessings of sustenance and protection. Many businesses remain closed on this day, and festivities revolve around traditional rituals and prayers.
Day 5 – 15th November 2023
The fifth and final day of Diwali is known as Bhai Dooj or Bhai Beej. It is a day to celebrate the bond between brothers and sisters. According to ancient mythology, Lord Yama, the Lord of Death, visited his sister Yamuna on this day and bestowed a boon upon her. Sisters prepare sweets and welcome their brothers to inquire about their well-being.
The five days of Diwali festivities come to an end on this day, leaving behind cherished memories and the spirit of love, unity, and togetherness.
Kartik Purnima – Celebration History And Significance
Kartik Purnima, also known as the full moon day of the Hindu month Kartik, holds great significance and is considered highly auspicious. Kartik Purnima falls on November 27th It is a day for performing rituals and poojas to attract prosperity and seek blessings from Lord Vishnu.
People often start their day by taking a holy bath in rivers or sacred bodies of water and performing prayers on the river banks. This day is believed to be when Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu visit the Earth, making the worship of these deities highly fruitful. Devotees flock to temples, light diyas, and seek divine blessings.
Importance Of Kartik Purnima And Its Rituals
Kartik Purnima is dedicated to Lord Kartikeya, the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. It holds immense importance as devotees believe that worshiping Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu on this day brings blessings and leads to salvation. Lighting diyas and performing rituals on this day is believed to purify the soul and bring good fortune.
People engage in various rituals and practices to seek well-being on Kartik Purnima. Deep daan, the act of offering earthen lamps, is considered highly virtuous and is believed to bestow the virtues of an Ashwamedha Yagya, a grand ancient Vedic ritual. Devotees also worship Trijata Lakshmi, who is believed to have rescued Mata Sita, seeking the perfect life partner.
Kartik Purnima is also a time for fairs and celebrations, where people come together to enjoy the festive atmosphere and partake in various cultural activities.
Conclusion – 5 Days Of Diwali
The five days of Diwali, starting from Dhanteras, Choti Diwali, Diwali, Govardhan Puja, and Bhai Dooj, hold immense significance in Hindu culture. Diwali is a time to start anew, seeking blessings of health, wealth, happiness, and prosperity from Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi.
As we celebrate Diwali in 2023, let’s embrace the spirit of unity, love, and togetherness that this festival brings. May the festival of lights illuminate our lives and fill them with joy and prosperity.
Vibes of India wishing you a very happy and prosperous Deepawali!